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Growth Forecast Errors And Fiscal Multipliers [PDF Download]

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers PDF
Author: Olivier J. Blanchard
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2013-01-03
ISBN: 1475532423
Size: 78.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 43
View: 6491

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This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated with lower growth than expected, with the relation being particularly strong, both statistically and economically, early in the crisis. A natural interpretation is that fiscal multipliers were substantially higher than implicitly assumed by forecasters. The weaker relation in more recent years may reflect in part learning by forecasters and in part smaller multipliers than in the early years of the crisis.

World Economic Outlook April 2010 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2010 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
Release Date: 2010-04-21
ISBN: 9781589069152
Size: 72.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 261
View: 7276

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The global economic recovery is progressing better than expected, but the speed of recovery varies, as outlined in the April 2010 World Economic Outlook. Some countries, notably in Asia, are off to a strong start, but growth in others is constrained by lasting damage to the financial sector and to household balance sheets. The challenge for policymakers is to ensure a smooth transition of demand, while maintaining supports that promote growth and employment. There is also a need to contain and reduce public debt and repair and reform the financial sector. This issue of the WEO also explores two other key challenges in the wake of the Great Recession: how to spur job creation in the face of likely high and persistent unemployment in advanced economies, and how countries that previously ran large current account surpluses or deficits can promote growth by rebalancing external and domestic demand.

World Economic Outlook April 2010 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2010 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2010-04-21
ISBN: 1589069153
Size: 70.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 261
View: 2271

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The global economic recovery is progressing better than expected, but the speed of recovery varies, as outlined in the April 2010 World Economic Outlook. Some countries, notably in Asia, are off to a strong start, but growth in others is constrained by lasting damage to the financial sector and to household balance sheets. The challenge for policymakers is to ensure a smooth transition of demand, while maintaining supports that promote growth and employment. There is also a need to contain and reduce public debt and repair and reform the financial sector. This issue of the WEO also explores two other key challenges in the wake of the Great Recession: how to spur job creation in the face of likely high and persistent unemployment in advanced economies, and how countries that previously ran large current account surpluses or deficits can promote growth by rebalancing external and domestic demand.

Regional Economic Outlook [PDF Download]

Regional Economic Outlook PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher:
Release Date: 2010
ISBN: 9781589069176
Size: 13.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 79
View: 1638

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One year after the deepest recession in recent history, Asia is leading the global recovery. The Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific discusses the near-term outlook for the region, as well as the medium-term policy challenges that countries face. As in many emerging and developing markets, Asia rebounded swiftly during 2009 and in the first quarter of 2010, and in the near term the region is expected to continue leading the global recovery. In the medium term, the global crisis has highlighted the importance for Asia of ensuring that private domestic demand becomes a more prominent engine of growth.

Navigating The Fiscal Challenges Ahead [PDF Download]

Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2010-05-13
ISBN: 1455280496
Size: 23.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 91
View: 3861

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With increasing fiscal challenges in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, multilateral surveillance of fiscal developments, a key part of the IMF's surveillance responsibilities, has gained further importance. In response, the Fiscal Monitor was launched in 2009 to survey and analyze the latest public finance developments, update fiscal implications of the crisis and medium-term fiscal projections, and assess policies to put public finances on a sustainable footing. Previous issues of the Monitor were published in the IMF's Staff Position Notes series, but starting with this issue, the Monitor will be a part of the IMF's World Economic and Financial Surveys series, to complement the overviews presented in the World Economic Outlook (WEO) and the Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR). The Fiscal Monitor is prepared twice a year by the IMF's Fiscal Affairs Department. The Monitor's projections are based on the same database used for the April 2010 WEO and GFSR. The fiscal projections for individual countries have been prepared by IMF desk economists, and, in line with the WEO guidelines, assume that announced policies will be implemented.

Oecd Wirtschaftsausblick Ausgabe 2002 2 [PDF Download]

OECD Wirtschaftsausblick  Ausgabe 2002 2 PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
Release Date: 2003-01-21
ISBN: 9789264591622
Size: 43.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 292
View: 7269

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Der Bericht liefert detaillierte Konjunkturprognosen für die Volkswirtschaften der OECD-Länder und einiger größerer Nichtmitglieder. Wirtschaftswachstum, Produktion, Preise, Löhne, Produktivität, Beschäftigung, Haushaltsdefizit und weitere Indikatoren werden in präzisen Analysen bewertet.

World Economic Outlook April 2009 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2009 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2009-04-22
ISBN: 1589068068
Size: 71.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 7478

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This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores how a dramatic escalation of the financial crisis in September 2008 provoked an unprecedented contraction of activity and trade, despite active policy responses. It presents economic projections for 2009 and 2010, and also looks beyond the current crisis, considering factors that will shape the landscape of the global economy over the medium term, as businesses and households seek to repair the damage. The analysis also outlines the difficult policy challenges presented by the overwhelming imperative to take all steps necessary to restore financial stability and revive the global economy, and the longer-run need for national actions to be mutually supporting. The first of two analytical chapters, "What Kind of Economic Recovery?" explores the shape of the eventual recovery. The second, "The Transmission of Financial Stress from Advanced to Emerging and Developing Economies," focuses on the role of external financial linkages and financial stress in transmitting economic shocks.

World Economic Outlook April 2013 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2013 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2013-04-16
ISBN: 1616355557
Size: 17.41 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 204
View: 3785

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Global economic prospects have improved again, but the bumpy recovery and skewed macroeconomic policy mix in advanced economies are complicating policymaking in emerging market economies. Chapter 3 examines the prospects for inflation, particularly because inflation was remarkably stable in the wake of the Great Recession and, in fact, has become less responsive to cyclical conditions. Chapter 4 examines whether today’s fast-growing, dynamic low-income countries are likely to maintain their momentum and avoid the reversals that afflicted many such countries in the past.

World Economic Outlook April 2016 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2016 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2016-04-12
ISBN: 1475561997
Size: 19.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 261
View: 4765

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Major macroeconomic realignments are affecting prospects differentially across the world’s countries and regions. The April 2016 WEO examines the causes and implications of these realignments—including the slowdown and rebalancing in China, a further decline in commodity prices, a related slowdown in investment and trade, and declining capital flows to emerging market and developing economies—which are generating substantial uncertainty and affecting the outlook for the global economy. Additionally, analytical chapters examine the slowdown in capital flows to emerging market economies since their 2010 peak—its main characteristics, how it compares with past slowdowns, the factors that are driving it, and whether exchange rate flexibility has changed the dynamics of the capital inflow cycle—and assess whether product and labor market reforms can improve the economic outlook in advanced economies, looking at the recent evolution and scope for further reform, the channels through which reforms affect economic activity under strong versus weak economic conditions, reforms’ short- to medium-term macroeconomic effects, and sequencing of reforms and coordination with other policies to maximize their potential quantitative economic benefits. A special feature analyzes in depth the energy transition in an era of low fossil fuel prices.

Regional Economic Outlook [PDF Download]

Regional Economic Outlook PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher:
Release Date: 2010-04-01
ISBN: 9781589069183
Size: 42.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 23
View: 2768

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The economic slowdown in sub-Saharan Africa looks set to be mercifully brief. Recovery is now under way across the region. The region's relative resilience during this global recession, compared with previous global downturns, owes much to the health of its economies and the strengthening of policy frameworks in the run-up to the crisis. Countercyclical macroeconomic policies played an important role, with nearly two-thirds of sub-Saharan Africa countries experiencing a slowdown in 2009 increasing government spending to buttress economic activity. However, progress toward the Millennium Development Goals receded. Middle-income and oil-exporting countries were hit hardest by the collapse in world trade and commodity markets; the region's low-income countries escaped fairly lightly. Looking ahead, fiscal policies in sub-Saharan Africa generally need to be refocused toward medium-term objectives, macroeconomic policy buffers rebuilt, and financial systems strengthened.

Regional Economic Outlook April 2010 Asia And Pacific [PDF Download]

Regional Economic Outlook  April 2010  Asia and Pacific PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
Release Date: 2010-05-03
ISBN: 9781589069176
Size: 57.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 89
View: 923

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One year after the deepest recession in recent history, Asia is leading the global recovery. The Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific discusses the near-term outlook for the region, as well as the medium-term policy challenges that countries face. As in many emerging and developing markets, Asia rebounded swiftly during 2009 and in the first quarter of 2010, and in the near term the region is expected to continue leading the global recovery. In the medium term, the global crisis has highlighted the importance for Asia of ensuring that private domestic demand becomes a more prominent engine of growth.

Analyse Der Auswirkungen Von Strukturanpassungsma Nahmen Des Iwf In S Dkorea W Hrend Der Asienkrise Unter Besonderer Ber Cksichtigung Der Unternehmensform Des Chaebol [PDF Download]

Analyse der Auswirkungen von Strukturanpassungsma  nahmen des IWF in S  dkorea w  hrend der Asienkrise unter besonderer Ber  cksichtigung der Unternehmensform des Chaebol PDF
Author: Dominik Lehmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release Date: 2012-01-26
ISBN: 3656111103
Size: 75.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Pages : 35
View: 261

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Facharbeit (Schule) aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich VWL - Makroökonomie, allgemein, Note: 1,0, Staatliche Berufliche Oberschule München (FOS/BOS), Ausbildungsrichtung Wirtschaft und Verwaltung, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Im Zuge dieser Arbeit soll die 1997 über Südkorea hereinbrechende Finanzkrise zusammen mit der damit verbundenen Rettungsaktion des Internationalen Währungsfonds dargestellt und analysiert werden. Im Mittelpunkt stehen die zur Überwindung der Krise durchgeführten Reformen und deren Auswirkungen auf die koreanische Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der in Südkorea vorherrschenden Unternehmensform des Chaebol. Dazu wird in den ersten beiden Kapiteln einen kurze Einführung in die wirtschaftlichen Verhältnisse Koreas gegeben, um den Ursprung aber auch die Überwindung der Krise, die in Kapitel 3 dargestellt werden, besser nachvollziehen zu können. In Kapitel 4 wird gezeigt, wie Krise und Reformen die Unternehmenswelt der Chaebol verändert haben. Außerdem wird angestrebt, dem Leser kleine Einblicke in die koreanische Gesellschaft geben zu können, in eine Nation, die sich seit Ende des Koreakrieges mehr und mehr durch ihre wirtschaftliche Leistung definiert.

World Economic Outlook April 2016 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2016 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2016-04-12
ISBN: 1498398588
Size: 50.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 261
View: 4209

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Major macroeconomic realignments are affecting prospects differentially across the world’s countries and regions. The April 2016 WEO examines the causes and implications of these realignments—including the slowdown and rebalancing in China, a further decline in commodity prices, a related slowdown in investment and trade, and declining capital flows to emerging market and developing economies—which are generating substantial uncertainty and affecting the outlook for the global economy. Additionally, analytical chapters examine the slowdown in capital flows to emerging market economies since their 2010 peak—its main characteristics, how it compares with past slowdowns, the factors that are driving it, and whether exchange rate flexibility has changed the dynamics of the capital inflow cycle—and assess whether product and labor market reforms can improve the economic outlook in advanced economies, looking at the recent evolution and scope for further reform, the channels through which reforms affect economic activity under strong versus weak economic conditions, reforms’ short- to medium-term macroeconomic effects, and sequencing of reforms and coordination with other policies to maximize their potential quantitative economic benefits. A special feature analyzes in depth the energy transition in an era of low fossil fuel prices.

World Economic Outlook April 2009 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2009 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2009-04-22
ISBN: 9781451923674
Size: 56.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 3937

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This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores how a dramatic escalation of the financial crisis in September 2008 provoked an unprecedented contraction of activity and trade, despite active policy responses. It presents economic projections for 2009 and 2010, and also looks beyond the current crisis, considering factors that will shape the landscape of the global economy over the medium term, as businesses and households seek to repair the damage. The analysis also outlines the difficult policy challenges presented by the overwhelming imperative to take all steps necessary to restore financial stability and revive the global economy, and the longer-run need for national actions to be mutually supporting. The first of two analytical chapters, "What Kind of Economic Recovery?" explores the shape of the eventual recovery. The second, "The Transmission of Financial Stress from Advanced to Emerging and Developing Economies," focuses on the role of external financial linkages and financial stress in transmitting economic shocks.

World Economic Outlook April 2012 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2012 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2012-04-17
ISBN: 1616352469
Size: 46.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 3973

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The April 2012 issue of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased with improved activity in the United States and better policies in the euro area. Weak recovery will likely resume in the major advanced economies, and activity will remain relatively solid in most emerging and developing economies. However, recent improvements are very fragile. Policymakers must calibrate policies to support growth in the near term and must implement fundamental changes to achieve healthy growth in the medium term. Chapter 3 examines how policies directed at real estate markets can accelerate the improvement of household balance sheets and thus support otherwise anemic consumption. Chapter 4 examines how swings in commodity prices affect commodity-exporting economies, many of which have experienced a decade of good growth. With commodity prices unlikely to continue growing at the recent elevated pace, however, these economies may have to adapt their fiscal and other policies to lower potential output growth in the future.

World Economic Outlook April 2011 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2011 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2011-04-11
ISBN: 1616350598
Size: 74.26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 1471

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The April 2011 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the global prospects for economic growth in the face of policy challenges that remain unaddressed and new challenges now coming to the fore.The recovery is gaining strength, but unemployment remains high in advanced economies, and new macroeconomic risks are building in emerging market economies. In advanced economies, the handoff from public to private demand is advancing, reducing concerns that diminishing fiscal policy support might cause a “double-dip” recession. Financial conditions continue to improve, although they remain unusually fragile. In many emerging market economies, demand is robust and overheating is a growing policy concern. Rising food and commodities prices present new risks to the global economy. Two chapters directly explore these new challenges. Chapter 3 reviews the potential impact of oil scarcity on global growth, and Chapter 4 explores the potential response of international capital flows to changes in the global macroeconomic environment.

World Economic Outlook April 2018 [PDF Download]

World Economic Outlook  April 2018 PDF
Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Release Date: 2018-04-17
ISBN: 1484338278
Size: 78.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 539

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This report describes the world economic outlook as of April 2018, projecting that advanced economies will continue to expand above their potential growth rates before decelerating, while growth in emerging markets in developing economies will rise before leveling off. It details global prospects and policies, including risks to the forecast, and essential determinants of long-term economic growth: labor force participation in advanced economies, the declining share of manufacturing jobs globally and in advanced economies, and the process through which innovative activity and technological knowledge spread across national borders.