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Biological Invasions Theory And Practice [PDF Download]

Biological Invasions  Theory and Practice PDF
Author: Nanako Shigesada
Publisher: Oxford University Press, UK
Release Date: 1997-02-06
ISBN: 0191589829
Size: 79.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 6371

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This book deals with the ecological effect a species can have when it moves into an environment that it has not previously occupied (commonly referred to as an 'Invasion'). It is unique in presenting a clear and accessible introduction to a highly complex area - the modelling of biological invasions. The book presents the latest theories and models developed from studies into this crucial area. It includes data and examples from biological case studies showing how the models can be applied to the study of invasions, whether dealing with AIDS, the European rabbit, or prickly pear cactuses. - ;In nature, all organisms migrate or disperse to some extent, either by walking, swimming, flying, or being transported by wind or water. When a species succeeds in colonising an area that it has not previously inhabited, this is referred to as an `invasion'. Humans can precipitate biological invasions often spreading disease or pests by their travels around the world. Using the large amount of data that has been collected from studies worldwide, ranging from pest control to epidemiology, it has been possible to construct mathematical models that can predict which species will become an invader, what kind of habitat is susceptible to invasion by a particular species, and how fast an invasion will spread if it occurs. This book presents a clear and accessible introduction to this highly complex area. Included are data and examples from biological case studies showing how these models can be applied to the study of invasions, whether dealing with AIDS, the European rabbit, or prickly pear cactuses. -

Dynamics Of Biological Invasions [PDF Download]

Dynamics of Biological Invasions PDF
Author: R. Hengeveld
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1989-06-30
ISBN: 9780412314704
Size: 46.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 4004

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This book is a work of reference to all interested in population dynamics. It explains how they can be used by foresters and others involved in conducting surveys of vegetation and habitat. It is arguably the most important work on the subject since Charles Elton's 1958 classic The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants.

Biological Invasions In Europe And The Mediterranean Basin [PDF Download]

Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin PDF
Author: F. di Castri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1990-07-31
ISBN: 9780792304111
Size: 60.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 463
View: 6467

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In view of the massive change in the area of distribution of many world biota across classical biogeographical realms, and of the drastic restructuring of the biotic components of numerous ecosystems, the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) decided at its general Assembly in Ottawa, Canada, in 1982 to launch a project on the 'Ecology of Biological Invasions'. Several regional meetings were subsequently organized within the framework of SCOPE, in order to single out the peculiarities of the invasions that took place in each region, the behaviour of their invasive species and the invasibility of their ecosystems. Most noteworthy among such workshops were one in Australia in August 1984, one concerning North America and Hawaii in October 1984, and one dealing with southern Africa in November 1985. A leitmotiv of these workshops was that most of the invasive species to those regions were emanating from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, inadvertently or intentionally introduced by man. It was therefore considered as a timely endeavour to organize the next regional meeting in relation to this region. The workshop on 'Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin' was held in Montpellier, France, 21 to 23 May 1986, thanks to the financial support of SCOPE and of the A.W. Mellon Foundation, and the logistic facilities of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N .R.S.).

Biogeography Of Mediterranean Invasions [PDF Download]

Biogeography of Mediterranean Invasions PDF
Author: R. H. Groves
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1991-11-07
ISBN: 9780521360401
Size: 36.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 485
View: 4528

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The Mediterranean basin, California, Chile, the western Cape of South Africa, and southern Australia share a Mediterranean climate characterized by cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. These five regions have differing patterns of human settlement, but similarities in natural vegetation and some faunal assemblages. These likenesses are enhanced with time by an increasing level of biotic exchange among the regions. An initiative of a subcommittee of SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment), which realized that the integrity of many natural ecosystems is being threatened by the ingress of invasive species, this book uniquely documents the introduced floras and faunas, especially plants, buds, and mammals, in these five regions of Mediterranean climate, and aims to increase our understanding of the ecology of biological invasions. In doing so, it points a way to more effectively manage the biota of these regions.

Encyclopedia Of Biological Invasions [PDF Download]

Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions PDF
Author: Dr. Daniel Simberloff
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2011-01-02
ISBN: 0520948432
Size: 19.52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 792
View: 7127

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This pioneering encyclopedia illuminates a topic at the forefront of global ecology—biological invasions, or organisms that come to live in the wrong place. Written by leading scientists from around the world, Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions addresses all aspects of this subject at a global level—including invasions by animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria—in succinct, alphabetically arranged articles. Scientifically uncompromising, yet clearly written and free of jargon, the volume encompasses fields of study including biology, demography, geography, ecology, evolution, sociology, and natural history. Featuring many cross-references, suggestions for further reading, illustrations, an appendix of the world’s worst 100 invasive species, a glossary, and more, this is an essential reference for anyone who needs up-to-date information on this important topic. Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions features articles on: • Well-known invasive species such the zebra mussel, chestnut blight, cheatgrass, gypsy moth, Nile perch, giant African snail, and Norway rat • Regions with especially large numbers of introduced species including the Great Lakes, Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand. • Conservation, ecological, economic, and human and animal health impacts of invasions around the world • The processes and pathways involved in invasion • Management of introduced species

Biological Invasions In Marine Ecosystems [PDF Download]

Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems PDF
Author: Gil Rilov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-11-19
ISBN: 3540792368
Size: 41.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 641
View: 1036

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Biological invasions are considered to be one of the greatest threats to the integrity of most ecosystems on earth. This volume explores the current state of marine bioinvasions, which have been growing at an exponential rate over recent decades. Focusing on the ecological aspects of biological invasions, it elucidates the different stages of an invasion process, starting with uptake and transport, through inoculation, establishment and finally integration into new ecosystems. Basic ecological concepts - all in the context of bioinvasions - are covered, such as propagule pressure, species interactions, phenotypic plasticity, and the importance of biodiversity. The authors approach bioinvasions as hazards to the integrity of natural communities, but also as a tool for better understanding fundamental ecological processes. Important aspects of managing marine bioinvasions are also discussed, as are many informative case studies from around the world.

Stochastic Models In Biology [PDF Download]

Stochastic Models in Biology PDF
Author: Narendra S. Goel
Publisher:
Release Date: 1974
ISBN:
Size: 38.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Biology
Languages : en
Pages : 269
View: 3747

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Stochastic Models in Biology describes the usefulness of the theory of stochastic process in studying biological phenomena. The book describes analysis of biological systems and experiments though probabilistic models rather than deterministic methods. The text reviews the mathematical analyses for modeling different biological systems such as the random processes continuous in time and discrete in state space. The book also discusses population growth and extinction through Malthus' law and the work of MacArthur and Wilson. The text then explains the dynamics of a population of interacting sp ...

Extinction Rates [PDF Download]

Extinction Rates PDF
Author: John H. Lawton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 1995-01-01
ISBN: 019854829X
Size: 38.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 918

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As the need increases for sound estimates of impending rates of animal and plant species extinction, scientists must have a firm grounding in the qualitative and quantitative methods required to make the best possible predictions. Extinction Rates offers the most wide-ranging and practical introduction to those methods available. With contributions from an international cast of leading experts, the book combines cutting-edge information on recent and past extinction rates with treatments of underlying ecological and evolutionary causes. Throughout, it highlights apparent differences in extinction rates among taxonomic groups and places, aiming to identify unresolved issues and important questions. Written with advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mind, Extinction Rates will also prove invaluable to researchers in ecology, conservation biology, and the earth and environmental sciences.

Fifty Years Of Invasion Ecology [PDF Download]

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology PDF
Author: David M. Richardson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-02-23
ISBN: 1444330004
Size: 54.58 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456
View: 7191

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Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

The Ecology Of Natural Disturbance And Patch Dynamics [PDF Download]

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics PDF
Author: Steward T.A. Pickett
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 1985
ISBN: 9780125545211
Size: 22.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 472
View: 236

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This monograph on ecological patch dynamics will prove useful to ecologists and upper level students with varied backgrounds. After an introduction, examples of patch dynamics are provided. The effects of large and small scale natural disturbances on ecosystems such as forest, prairie, marine and arid are described. Specific responses and adaptations of the organisms are outlined. Subsequent chapters deal with the environmental impact of natural disturbances on the organization and function of the affected ecosystems. Tables, graphs, and diagrams are located throughout the book.